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Title: Investigation of Friction Coefficient Changes in Recycled Composite Materials under Constant Load
Authors: Güneş, Aydın
Düzcükoğlu, Hayrettin
Salur, Emin
Aslan, Abdullah
Şahin, Ömer Sinan
Keywords: recycle
friction coefficient
self-lubricating bearings
Metal-Matrix Composites
Tribological Behavior
Wear Behavior
Alloy Chips
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: The surface quality of machine elements may deteriorate over time while operating under different conditions. This deterioration adversely affects the wear behavior in the contact areas, and these materials become unusable over time. In machine elements especially, the heat transfer, wear amount and surface roughness parameters in the contact area are very important in order for the system to work efficiently. In order to understand this change, composite materials were produced by adding spheroidal graphite cast iron (GGG40) with high lubricating properties at different rates to bronze (CuSn10), which is widely used as a self-lubricating bearing material. In this study, four different mixing ratios (B60D40, B70D30, B80D20 and B90D10) and B100, which is completely produced from bronze chips, were used for comparison purposes. In addition, these produced composite materials were compared with pure CuSn10 and pure GGG40 via double-acting isostatic hot pressing, and then the results were examined. The composite materials were made at two different temperatures (400 degrees C and 450 degrees C) and three different pressures (480 MPa, 640 MPa and 820 MPa) using recycled waste chips. Composites produced by recycling waste chips both reduce costs and make a positive contribution to the natural environment. Thus, more advantageous self-lubricating bearing materials will be produced, and the efficiency will be increased in these materials. The time-dependent variation in the friction coefficient observed after the wear tests performed under constant load is explained, and the resulting surface structures are presented with SEM images and EDS analyses. After the wear tests, it was observed that the process parameters used in production effectively influenced the wear behavior. In particular, when the production pressure was low (480 MPa), the wear behavior was adversely affected because sufficient bonding between the chips could not be achieved. In addition, as the amount of GGG40 used as a reinforcement material increased, the spheroidal graphite contained in it positively affected the wear behavior. The lubricating effect provided by this spheroidal graphite reduced wear in the contact area and the friction coefficient.
ISSN: 2075-4442
Appears in Collections:Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collections
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collections

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