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Title: Fate and removal of pesticides in solid and liquid phases of metropolitan, urban and rural-scale wastewater treatment plants
Authors: Nas, B.
Yel, E.
Argun, M. E.
Dinc, S.
Kara, M.
Koyuncu, S.
Dolu, T.
Keywords: Atrazine
Sewage-Treatment Plants
Personal Care Products
Emerging Contaminants
Priority Pollutants
Organic Micropollutants
Constructed Wetlands
Stabilization Ponds
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: In this study, the change of occurrence, distribution, seasonal variation and removal of pesticides, atrazine (ATZ), chlorpyriphos (CPR) and chlorfenvinphos (CFV), were investigated both in liquid and solid phases of three different types of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Treatment configurations of the studied WWTPs consist of a metropolitan advanced biological treatment system (4-stage Bardenpho), urban-scale waste stabilization pond (WSP) and rural-scale horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland (HSSCW). ATZ removal efficiencies (59.8 %-92.4 %) were higher than CPR and CFV removal efficiencies at all WWTPs. CPR and CFV are removed at 78.5 % and 53.1 % efficiency, respectively, from the influent of advanced biological treatment system. CPR and CFV removals were 21.6 and 22.7 % at WSP, respectively. One of the important findings is that ATZ and CFV were removed at higher percentages in primary treatment than in biological treatment in advanced biological WWTP. Sorption onto sludge has been evaluated as an effective removal mechanism for pesticide elimination, at least as much as biodegradation/biotransformation. All investigated pesticides were detected in higher concentrations in primary sludge (168.8-399.5 mu g/kg) compared to secondary sludge (21.9-146.3 mu g/kg) in advanced biological WWTP and in facultative sludge (447.8-1044.7 mu g/kg) compared to anaerobic sludge (250.0-613.0 mu g/kg) in WSP. It was determined that ATZ was the most treated compound in the liquid phase under anaerobic conditions among the studied pesticides. In line with these results, approximately 45 % removal efficiency was determined for CPR and CFV in the anaerobic digestion process present in advanced biological WWTP.
ISSN: 2214-7144
Appears in Collections:Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collections
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collections

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