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Title: Geochemistry of Brine and Paleoclimate Reconstruction during Sedimentation of Messinian Salt in the Tuz Golu Basin (Turkiye): Insights from the Study of Fluid Inclusions
Authors: Galamay, Anatoliy R.
Karakaya, Muazzez Celik
Bukowski, Krzysztof
Karakaya, Necati
Yaremchuk, Yaroslava
Keywords: fluid inclusion
Tuz Golu basin
Central Anatolia
Halite Association
Southern Turkey
Mut Basin
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: The halogenesis of the Messinian Tuz Golu Basin corresponds to the sulfate type and the magnesium sulfate subtype. Compared to the Messinian Sea brines, they have a slightly higher [Na+] concentration, which is 96.6-116.4 g/L, and a much lower [K+] concentration, ranging from 0.1 to 2.35 g/L. During salt sedimentation, the [Mg2+] concentration ranged from 6.1 to 14.0 g/L, and the [SO42-] concentration from 18.2 to 4.5 g/L. Physical-chemical reactions in the basin's near-surface and bottom waters during the suspension of halite deposition had a decisive influence on the significant reduction of [SO42-] sedimentation brines. During these periods, there was an intensive influx of Ca(HCO3)(2) into the sedimentation basin and the formation of glauberite layers. The formation of the glauberite resulted from the slow dissolution of pre-deposited finely dispersed metastable minerals-gypsum, sodium syngenite, or mirabilite. In fluid inclusions in the halite, the sulfate minerals being allogenic crystals of calcium sulfate, are represented by gypsum, bassanite, and anhydrite. Additionally, as the other sulfate minerals, glauberite, anhydrite, and thenardite are found within halite crystals. Sharp fluctuations in daytime air temperatures characterized climatic indicators of the summer period in the Tuz Golu region: 15.6-49.1 degrees C. In the spring or cool summer-autumn period, the daytime air temperature in the region ranged from 15.7-22.1 degrees C, and in late spring and early summer, it ranged from 20.6 degrees C to 35.0 degrees C. During some periods, the Tuz Golu halite crystallized at 61.8-73.5 degrees C. The extreme high-temperature crystallization regime at the bottom of the salt-bearing basin was achieved due to the emergence of a vertical thermohaline structure. The greenhouse effect in the Tuz Golu was established only briefly but was periodically renewed due to the influx of fresh waters.
ISSN: 2075-163X
Appears in Collections:Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collections
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collections

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