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Title: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of Mississippian K-bentonites from southern Turkey: A correlation with coeval tephras from Gondwana-derived terranes
Authors: Bozkaya, Ömer
Türkmenoğlu, Asuman Günal
Göncüoğlu, Mehmet Cemal
Okuyucu, Cengiz
Keywords: Central Taurides
Early Carboniferous Magmatism
Metamorphic Evolution
Eastern Pontides
Issue Date: 2021
Abstract: Five thin (5-15 cm) and yellowish green tephra (K-bentonite) layers are exposed along two sections in the south of Aksehir (Konya, southern Turkey) within the Early Carboniferous (Mississippian) red dolomite-dolomitic limestone succession of the Sultanda.g Unit in the central Tauride Belt. K-bentonites exhibit typical porphyritic texture with euhedral plagioclase phenocrysts replaced by fine-grained white K-micas and sparry dolomite crystals. The intensively sericitized volcanic matrix has vitrophyric texture and contains hydroxidized euhedral pyrite crystals. Illite is the only clay mineral in all K-bentonite samples. Non-clay minerals are dolomite, calcite, quartz, pyrite, rutile and zircon. Illites have sheet-like flakes (1-4 mu m sizes) showing well-developed orientations and partly slaty cleavage. Illite Kubler index values (KI, Delta degrees 2 theta) of K-bentonites reflect high-grade diagenetic to anchizonal conditions indicating temperatures that reached up to 200 degrees C. Illite d(060) values (1.4990-1.5007 angstrom) corresponding to dioctahedral composition display differences in coexisting slates and shales of the same age. Illite polytypes are characterized by the association of 2M(1), 1M and 1M(d). The presence of 1M illites is indicative of a volcanic (tephra) origin. Immobile element compositions suggest that tephras have been derived from trachyandesitic volcanism. K-bentonites exhibit some differences from the coeval pelitic occurrences in the Hadim-Bozkir areas, S Turkey, and the Late Devonian-Early Carboniferous K-bentonites in Bartin and Zonguldak areas of the Istanbul-Zonguldak Terrane, NW Turkey. A geochemical evolution of the studied K-bentonites suggests that they were possibly originated from the Early Carboniferous (Mississippian) intra-continental backarc magmatism at the northern margin of Gondwana-derived Tauride-Anatolide microplate.
ISSN: 1464-343X
Appears in Collections:Mühendislik ve Doğa Bilimleri Fakültesi Koleksiyonu
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collections
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collections

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