Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: A novel study for automatic two-class COVID-19 diagnosis (between COVID-19 and Healthy, Pneumonia) on X-ray images using texture analysis and 2-D/3-D convolutional neural networks
Authors: Yaşar, Hüseyin
Ceylan, Murat
Keywords: COVID-19
Two-dimensional convolutional neural networks (2-D CNN)
Three-dimensional convolutional neural networks (3-D CNN)
X-ray chest classification
Deep learning
Local binary pattern
Local entropy
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: The pandemic caused by the COVID-19 virus affects the world widely and heavily. When examining the CT, X-ray, and ultrasound images, radiologists must first determine whether there are signs of COVID-19 in the images. That is, COVID-19/Healthy detection is made. The second determination is the separation of pneumonia caused by the COVID-19 virus and pneumonia caused by a bacteria or virus other than COVID-19. This distinction is key in determining the treatment and isolation procedure to be applied to the patient. In this study, which aims to diagnose COVID-19 early using X-ray images, automatic two-class classification was carried out in four different titles: COVID-19/Healthy, COVID-19 Pneumonia/Bacterial Pneumonia, COVID-19 Pneumonia/Viral Pneumonia, and COVID-19 Pneumonia/Other Pneumonia. For this study, 3405 COVID-19, 2780 Bacterial Pneumonia, 1493 Viral Pneumonia, and 1989 Healthy images obtained by combining eight different data sets with open access were used. In the study, besides using the original X-ray images alone, classification results were obtained by accessing the images obtained using Local Binary Pattern (LBP) and Local Entropy (LE). The classification procedures were repeated for the images that were combined with the original images, LBP, and LE images in various combinations. 2-D CNN (Two-Dimensional Convolutional Neural Networks) and 3-D CNN (Three-Dimensional Convolutional Neural Networks) architectures were used as classifiers within the scope of the study. Mobilenetv2, Resnet101, and Googlenet architectures were used in the study as a 2-D CNN. A 24-layer 3-D CNN architecture has also been designed and used. Our study is the first to analyze the effect of diversification of input data type on classification results of 2-D/3-D CNN architectures. The results obtained within the scope of the study indicate that diversifying X-ray images with tissue analysis methods in the diagnosis of COVID-19 and including CNN input provides significant improvements in the results. Also, it is understood that the 3-D CNN architecture can be an important alternative to achieve a high classification result.
Description: Article; Early Access
ISSN: 0942-4962
Appears in Collections:Mühendislik ve Doğa Bilimleri Fakültesi Koleksiyonu
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collections
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collections
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collections

Files in This Item:
File SizeFormat 
Yaşar-Ceylan2022_Article_ANovelStudyForAutomaticTwo-cla.pdf1.75 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Show full item record

CORE Recommender


checked on Oct 27, 2023

Page view(s)

checked on Nov 27, 2023


checked on Nov 27, 2023

Google ScholarTM



Items in GCRIS Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.