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Title: Effect of Co addition on microstructure and mechanical properties of new generation 3Cr-3W and 5Cr-3W steels
Authors: Arıcı, Gökhan
Acarer, Mustafa
Uyaner, Mesut
Keywords: Low Cr steels
Heat treatment
Mechanical properties
Notch toughness
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier - Division Reed Elsevier India Pvt Ltd
Abstract: In this study, the effect of Cr and Co on microstructure and mechanical properties of low Cr-W steels was investigated. For this goal, 3% Cr-3%W and 5% Cr-3%W steels, this may be an alternative to new generation low Cr steels, containing 0%, 0.5%, 1.5%, 3%, 4.5% Co, produced by casting and hot rolling. The samples were annealed at 1100 degrees C for 1 h, followed by quenching in air and tempering for 2 h at 710 degrees C. Ferrite, bainite, and martensite phases were determined in various volume fractions according to the chemical composition. Carbides precipitated within the grain and grain boundaries during tempering. Co bearing caused an increase of A1, A3, and Curie temperatures. Co slightly increased hardness and strength in both 3 Cr and 5 Cr alloys. However, the hardness and strength of 5 Cr alloys with all Co ratios were almost same that of 3 Cr alloys. The Charpy-V impact energies of 5 Cr steel are lower than 3 Cr steel with the same Co amount. The addition of Co up to 1.5% in steels with 3 Cr did not make any major changes in the notch toughness. However, the addition of 3% Co to the alloy significantly reduced impact energy. In 5 Cr steel, notch toughness generally decreased with the increase of Co amount. (C) 2021 Karabuk University. Publishing services by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
ISSN: 2215-0986
Appears in Collections:Mühendislik ve Doğa Bilimleri Fakültesi Koleksiyonu
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collections

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