Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13091/24
Title: Measuring curvature of trajectory traced by coupler of an optimal four-link spherical mechanism
Authors: Acar, Osman
Sağlam, Hacı
Şaka, Ziya
Keywords: Spherical Mechanism
Robotic Grippers
Optimization
Metaheuristic Algorithm
Rapid Prototyping
Optimization
Design
Motion
Robot
Kinematics
Angle
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Abstract: This research paper presents design of a gripper finger mechanism and a new curvature measurement method of fingertip trajectory. Firstly, the conditions of a grasp provided by gripper, which was designed from a spherical mechanism, was explained. Therefore, trajectory length of coupler point was modeled as objective function which is maximized. Ball-Burmester theory was used to form constraints which can provide a spherical curve with curvature close to zero. A plausible dimension range of mechanism, transmission angle, instantaneous invariants were arranged as constraint function. A meta-heuristic algorithm previously developed by one of authors was used to search the best instantaneous invariants based on the type of mechanism. The optimal solution was prototyped, and three-fingered gripper assembled. Secondly, an endoscopic camera peculiarly was used to measure curvature of the trajectory traced by coupler point of an optimal four-link spherical mechanism which was supposed to compose a finger of a robotic gripper. The coupler of the mechanism was expected to trace approximately a great circle arc to provide a grasp. Therefore, the technique to measure curvature was based on image processing and geodetic curvature theory. A calibrated endoscopic camera was used for acquisition of video record above the prototype which was centered in the center of the camera screen. The curvature of coupler point of optimal spherical mechanism design and prototype were compared. According to performed regression analysis, results of the measurement were %97 reliable for the useful part of the trajectory.
URI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.measurement.2021.109189
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13091/24
ISSN: 0263-2241
1873-412X
Appears in Collections:Mühendislik ve Doğa Bilimleri Fakültesi Koleksiyonu
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collections
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collections

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