Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13091/1973
Title: HEMP AS A POTENTIAL MATERIAL IN ARCHITECTURE: IS IT POSSIBLE IN TURKEY?
Authors: Özdamar, Esen Gökçe
Keywords: hemp architecture
Hempcrete
building material
sustainability.
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Konya Technical University Faculty of Architecture and Design
Abstract: Purpose Hemp, also known as cannabis sativa, has long been one of the most important agricultural crops—an essential food for humans and animals since the Neolithic period. It is also one of the most-durable raw materials used in both traditional crafts and many newer industries, such as the marine, clothing, automotive, and architectural industries. However, despite its beneficial health properties and use in making durable products, hemp has been banned in many developed countries largely because it has been labeled an illegal plant due to its psychoactive properties. After the 1980s, industrially cultivated hemp in the form of hempcrete, hemp brick or low or high technology cast in situ wall systems gained recognition in architecture. Since the industry 4.0 industrial revolution in the 2000s, the use of hemp has become increasingly important in medicine and nutrition and in industries such as paper, plastics, architecture and construction. Hemp has been illegal for many years in Turkey. However, in Turkish history, using cannabis, hemp and hashish for food, pleasure, socializing, clothing, rope, paper and mortar has been an accepted sociocultural phenomenon. Therefore, this article seeks to evaluate the possibility of using hemp in architecture by addressing its use in architecture, specifically in Turkey. Design/Methodology/Approach This research uses a literature review to explore both the history of hemp in Turkey and its construction applications. Findings The results showed that given enough support, the use of such materials could create beneficial effects for the architecture, construction and education sectors in Turkey. Research Limitations/Implications In the future, a research with funding and permissions could be conducted to observe of the physical and chemical characteristics of hemp and hemp-based materials, which is lacking in this study. Social/Practical Implications Recognizing the benefits of hemp could have positive effects on the economy, health, agriculture and architecture of communities in Turkey. Hemp can replace petroleum-based materials while having the advantages of being cost effective, providing a variety of production possibilities, and needing less water for cultivation. Originality/Value This is the first study to address the potential use of industrial hemp in Turkey from an architecture and design perspective.
Description: iconarpID: 366
iconarp:ART
URI: https://doi.org/10.15320/ICONARP.2021.153
https://iconarp.ktun.edu.tr/index.php/iconarp/article/view/366
https://iconarp.ktun.edu.tr/index.php/iconarp/article/view/366/279
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13091/1973
ISSN: 2147-9380
Appears in Collections:ICONARP - International Journal of Architecture and Planning

Files in This Item:
File SizeFormat 
document (4).pdf1.69 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Show full item record



CORE Recommender

Page view(s)

82
checked on Feb 26, 2024

Download(s)

30
checked on Feb 26, 2024

Google ScholarTM

Check




Altmetric


Items in GCRIS Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.