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Title: Simulation of deformation on 3D organ models using haptic device
Authors: Bulut, Nazmiye Ebru
Dandil, Emre
Keywords: Computer graphics
deformation algorithms
haptic device
mass-spring system
Soft-Tissue Deformation
Real-Time Simulation
Collision Detection
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Gazi Univ, Fac Engineering Architecture
Abstract: Nowadays, thanks to the improvements in computer graphics, remarkable improvements are achieved in 3D modelling in virtual environment in accordance with many original objects. In medical training, simulators are developed to enable physician candidates to make numerous repetitions using various scenarios and gain practical experience. In this study, a simulator software platform is developed to simulate the deformation of 3D organ models with soft tissues such as gallbladder, kidney and spleen in the human body using deformation algorithms. In the system, firstly, organs are modelled in 3D according to their anatomical structure. On the developed simulator, feedback is provided by the deformation realized on the model when the organ is touched or applied tensile force by designed haptic device. In the study, mass spring method and molecular modelling method are used to obtain deformation 3D models. In addition, collision detection method is preferred to determine which point is contacted in the mesh structure modelled with haptic device. All simulations on the simulator developed in the study are performed in real time using the functions available in the OpenGL library. In addition, simulation feedbacks for 11 novice and expert users are collected from the simulator and the operation times obtained by the users for each soft tissue are compared. As a result of the experimental studies and statistical analysis, it has been seen that the collision detection, reaction force, real-time simulation and deformation results of the software platform are at the desired level visually and in terms of speed.
ISSN: 1300-1884
Appears in Collections:Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collections
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collections

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