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Title: Analyzing the effect of data preprocessing techniques using machine learning algorithms on the diagnosis of COVID-19
Authors: Erol, Gizemnur
Uzbaş, Betül
Yücelbaş, Cüneyt
Yücelbaş, Sule
Keywords: COVID-19
KNN imputation
machine learning
multivariate imputation by chained equation
synthetic minority oversampling technique
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Wiley
Abstract: Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) known as the swab test is a diagnostic test that can diagnose COVID-19 disease through respiratory samples in the laboratory. Due to the rapid spread of the coronavirus around the world, the RT-PCR test has become insufficient to get fast results. For this reason, the need for diagnostic methods to fill this gap has arisen and machine learning studies have started in this area. On the other hand, studying medical data is a challenging area because the data it contains is inconsistent, incomplete, difficult to scale, and very large. Additionally, some poor clinical decisions, irrelevant parameters, and limited medical data adversely affect the accuracy of studies performed. Therefore, considering the availability of datasets containing COVID-19 blood parameters, which are less in number than other medical datasets today, it is aimed to improve these existing datasets. In this direction, to obtain more consistent results in COVID-19 machine learning studies, the effect of data preprocessing techniques on the classification of COVID-19 data was investigated in this study. In this study primarily, encoding categorical feature and feature scaling processes were applied to the dataset with 15 features that contain blood data of 279 patients, including gender and age information. Then, the missingness of the dataset was eliminated by using both K-nearest neighbor algorithm (KNN) and chain equations multiple value assignment (MICE) methods. Data balancing has been done with synthetic minority oversampling technique (SMOTE), which is a data balancing method. The effect of data preprocessing techniques on ensemble learning algorithms bagging, AdaBoost, random forest and on popular classifier algorithms KNN classifier, support vector machine, logistic regression, artificial neural network, and decision tree classifiers have been analyzed. The highest accuracies obtained with the bagging classifier were 83.42% and 83.74% with KNN and MICE imputations by applying SMOTE, respectively. On the other hand, the highest accuracy ratio reached with the same classifier without SMOTE was 83.91% for the KNN imputation. In conclusion, certain data preprocessing techniques are examined comparatively and the effect of these data preprocessing techniques on success is presented and the importance of the right combination of data preprocessing to achieve success has been demonstrated by experimental studies.
ISSN: 1532-0626
Appears in Collections:Mühendislik ve Doğa Bilimleri Fakültesi Koleksiyonu
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collections
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collections

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