Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13091/282
Title: An assessment of deterioration in cultural heritage: the unique case of Eflatunpinar Hittite Water Monument in Konya, Turkey
Authors: Bozdağ, Ali
İnce, İsmail
Bozdağ, Ayla
Hatır, M. Ergün
Tosunlar, M. Bahadır
Korkanç, Mustafa
Keywords: Non-Destructive Tests
Deterioration
Physico-Mechanical Properties
Eflatunpinar Hittite Water Monument
Building Stone
Freeze-Thaw
Mechanical-Properties
Building-Materials
Carbonate Rocks
Cycles
Decay
Velocity
Model
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Abstract: Stone monuments are important symbols of cultural heritage of countries. However, many environmental factors negatively affect these monuments. The increasing damage on the stone monuments and the danger of irreversible loss of cultural heritage have resulted in growing efforts for the preservation of the monuments. Eflatunpinar Hittite Water Monument in Beysehir, Konya, Turkey, is a unique Hittite cultural monument that has survived for nearly 3200 years even though it has been exposed to many environmental effects. In this study, non-destructive testing (NDT) was used to detect the degradation on the building stones of the Eflatunpinar Hittite Water Monument and change-deterioration maps were prepared subsequently. It was also investigated whether the chemistry of the Eflatunpinar spring water may cause deterioration. Additionally, the petrographic, chemical, and physico-mechanical properties of the rocks taken from the ancient stone quarry were determined in order to compare with the properties of the monument's building stones. Based on the physico-chemical characteristics of the Eflatunpinar spring water and XRD results of crusts in building stone surface of the monument, it was identified that water can be effective on the formation of calcite and gypsum crusts especially in the lower parts of the monument. However, applied NDT methods and change-deterioration maps indicated that the deterioration as well as neglect and abandonment in the monument are mostly associated with the capillary effect of the flowing water through the structure and the deterioration effect is more apparent in contact points between the building stone and the flowing water. Additionally, in the building stones above the capillary front, the conservation condition is significantly better.
URI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10064-019-01617-9
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13091/282
ISSN: 1435-9529
1435-9537
Appears in Collections:Mühendislik ve Doğa Bilimleri Fakültesi Koleksiyonu
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collections
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collections

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