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Title: Characteristics of Irregular Column Capitals in Ottoman Mosques with Courtyards
Authors: Orbeyi, Nil
Keywords: Column
constructive details
design principles
Ottoman architecture
Construction Technique
Design Principles
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Konya Technical University Faculty of Architecture and Design
Abstract: The aim of this article is to examine the construction techniques of the irregular column capitals which are located at the junction of portico and courtyard arcades (revak) of six Ottoman mosques. The porticos height of the closed-courtyard mosques built during the Ottoman period regarding is mostly equal. However, in six cases, the porticos of the mosques are higher than their side porticos, which led alternative solutions to keep the continuity of the arcade surrounding the courtyard.  The first phase of this study focuses on the construction techniques and materials of the column capitals in Ottoman architecture and the second phase deals with irregular capitals including their characteristics (sizes, materials, and relations with other building elements). For this purpose, detailed drawings were prepared through the site examinations and the literature review. As a result, despite that their size and shape vary depending on construction period, the relationship between last prayer hall and courtyard, structural aspects, and visual concern, their construction techniques, materials, and components show similar properties.
Description: iconarpID: 216
ISSN: 2147-9380
Appears in Collections:ICONARP - International Journal of Architecture and Planning

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