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Title: Geology, geochronology and geochemistry of the Miocene Sulutas volcanic complex, Konya-Central Anatolia: genesis of orogenic and anorogenic rock associations in an extensional geodynamic setting
Authors: Asan, Kürşad
Kurt, Hüseyin
Gündüz, Mesut
Korkmaz, Gülin Gençoğlu
Morgan, Ganerod
Keywords: Sulutas
High-K Calc-Alkaline
Na-Alkaline Basalt
Central East Anatolia
Western Anatolia
Continental Lithosphere
Chemical Classification
Subduction Termination
Mantle Metasomatism
Issue Date: 2021
Abstract: Subduction-related environments are complex geological sites where various magmas occur in close spatial and temporal association. To better understand geological processes led to the generation of compositionally distinct magmas, we need to know the origin and evolution of magmas formed in these settings. Our purpose here is to determine the genesis of the Sulutas Volcanic Complex (SVC), located near Konya (Central Anatolia, Turkey) and to understand its relation to the subduction-related processes. Based on a detailed field study of the SVC, we present here Ar-Ar geochronology, mineral chemistry, whole-rock major, trace element and Sr-Nd-Pb isotope data. The SVC can be subdivided into three distinct chemical groups. The oldest group (similar to 16 Ma) characterized by bimodal association is composed of Na-alkaline basaltic rocks and adakitic dacite. The Na-alkaline basaltic rocks were derived from an OIB-like enriched asthenospheric mantle source, but the adakitic dacites from a mafic lower crust. Geochemistry of potassic lamprophyres (similar to 13.5 to 12.5 Ma), the second group, can be best explained by melting of a depleted lithospheric mantle source that was metasomatized by slab-derived sediment melts. This metasomatic component generated phlogopite-rich veins in their source. The youngest group (similar to 13 to 11 Ma), high-K calc-alkaline rocks (HKCA) is composed of basalt, andesite and mafic enclave-bearing dacite. Parental magmas to the HKCA are consistent with the derivation from a lithospheric mantle source metasomatized by fluid-like subduction components. Geochemical variations in the HKCA can be explained by magmatic processes (e.g. assimilation-fractional crystallization for basalt and dacite, fractional crystallization for andesite) from a common parental magma similar to the mafic enclave. The SVC composed of orogenic and anorogenic rocks occurred in a graben-like extensional basin in the Central Anatolia, and this extensional tectonics is related to the retreating subduction zone along the Cyprus arc within the convergence system of the African-Eurasian plates during Miocene.
ISSN: 0020-6814
Appears in Collections:Mühendislik ve Doğa Bilimleri Fakültesi Koleksiyonu
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collections
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collections

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